According to preliminary data from the World Health Organization, the number of measles cases in the first three months of 2019 increased by more than 300% compared to the same period last year. Currently there are outbreaks of disease in more than 10 countries.
The measles are a contagious and highly contagious disease characterized by high fever, cough, runny nose and rash. In 2017, 110,000 people died from this pathology, most of them younger than 5 years old.
In the last decade, the incidence of measles has increased due to fear of vaccine and consequently low vaccine coverage: 95% coverage is needed to prevent outbreaks. The standard procedure involves two doses of the drug, but according to the World Health Organization, around 85% of the world's population received only the first dose in recent years, and 67% completed the treatment. In the past year, a record incidence of measles in Europe has been reported; In February, 136 people died in the Philippines. Awareness is the daughter of austerity: according to the report, the number of vaccinated children has increased dramatically.
Let the alert spread
Preliminary figures from the World Health Organization speak for themselves: 112,163 people from 170 countries around the world have been ill with measles between January and March 2019. in 163 countries). The incidence increased mainly in African countries (by 700%) and in Europe (by 300%). In some countries, outbreaks continue, and according to the WHO estimates, in official statistics, 1 out of 10 cases.
In Latin America, a flag was once again infected a year ago. This week we reported a case of measles in Lima imported from Spain, and three more in Uruguay, infected by a Russian tourist. A recent measles outbreak in Brazil has also been reported.
Sofia Dottori Fontanarrosa
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