5 to 10% of diabetics suffer from this disease without knowing it



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According to Lineth Arias, a clinical nutritionist, this type of diabetes is known as latent autoimmune diabetes mellitus (LADA, for acronym in English).

"This variant is between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes," the doctor warned.

Arias explained that this condition is a genetic autoimmune disorder, where the immune system does not recognize pancreatic cells and slowly and gradually destroys them.

"That's why it shows the characteristics of type 1 and 2 diabetes," said the expert.

Arias stressed that this variant occurs in adults between the ages of 25 and 50 and is generally not associated with overweight and sedentary lifestyles.

Indeed, he explained, patients with this disease continue to produce insulin, although in small quantities.

In most cases, he said, was diagnosed when the patient failed to treat type 2 diabetes. T

"Sometimes, although they take their doctor's instructions on a letter, they are still out of control and suffer from severe hypoglycaemia," he said.

At that time, antibody studies should be carried out to diagnose the condition.

Patients with diabetes mellitus usually have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and eye damage because they spend many years without treatment.

Therefore, the specialist recommended monthly glucose tests and measured glycosylated hemoglobin each year to detect the condition and treat it in good time.

Meanwhile, there is another type of diabetes that occurs, especially in women, gestational diabetes, which develops exclusively during pregnancy.

Clinical nutritionist Nayeli Nuñez explained that this diabetes occurs in 12.5% ​​of pregnant women around the world and in Mexico 12%.

Specialist warned that this disease occurs because during pregnancy, hormones produced by the body block the production of insulin in the pancreas.

Among the risk factors, significant weight increases during pregnancy, that is, on average, more than 13 kilograms, in the family history of type 2 diabetes, and in a child in excess of 4 kilograms.

This disease, he said, can cause a risk to the mother and child.

"Neonatal hypoglycaemia and macrosomia may occur in infants, which means they are born with a weight above average," he said.

While there may be hypertension, premature birth and excessive fluid in the mother.

He explained that treatment requires balanced nutrition, low exercise and regular glucose control.

Similarly, he pointed out that it is important that after pregnancy we take care of weight because it can develop a type 2 diabetes later on, while the baby is also prone to suffering this condition in adulthood.

Source: News 24

IR

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