NASA will send a helicopter to Mars – RT USA News


The next mission of NASA, which is not satisfied with the rovers, will include a helicopter that will be the first man to fly around the other planet and pave the way for revolutionary exploration on Mars and elsewhere.

Mars 2020 Rover will land on the Red Planet in early 2021 with a small helicopter on board to check if it will be able to fly. So far, the only artificial objects that have been visited by Mars, rovers, orbiter and landers.

The mission of the helicopter will last 30 days and will consist of five flights, some of which will simply float, only 10 meters from the ground.

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If the first mission were successful, it could open up a whole new world of potential for exploring the planets. Currently, robotic researchers are limited to the surface of the red planet and can not reach each corner.

"We anticipate that helicopters open the door to new types of exploration on Mars," Hovard Grip, flight and aerodynamics management for Helicopter Mars. "In the future, we can imagine that we are doing things like regional research using more helicopters, or we are heading to inaccessible areas or biologically sensitive areas with small helicopters."

Mars has a much thinner atmosphere than Earth, which means that flying just above the surface is the same as being 100,000 meters in the Earth's atmosphere. Helicopters usually fly to a maximum of 10,000 feet.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has created an extremely lightweight helicopter that weighs only four pounds, with blades rotating at 3,000 rpm, 10 times faster than most regular helicopters. He was approved for the Mars mission in May and will be equipped with solar batteries and a heater.

It is not just a thin atmosphere that would pose a challenge to the helicopter: the distance between Earth and Mars means that there will be a delay in communication for at least a few minutes so that the helicopter will have to be able to fly and stay. in contact with the rover.

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