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Who is MOLİER?

Jean-Baptiste Poquelin more Molière (January 15, 1622 – February 17, 1673), French playwright and actor.

Moliere was the son of the furniture that made up the floor of the palace. He studied at College de Clermont, one of the best schools in Paris. In 1643, he founded the theater company Lllustre-Theâtre and chose Moliere for his stage name.


Molier's first known works were L & # 39; Etourdi ou les contretemps in Lyon (1655), Le Depitamoreux (1676) and Le Depitamoreux (1654), played in Beziers. Love, 1876; The first successful performance of Moliere and his ensemble was King XIV in the Louvre Palace in 1658. It was Comeim's Nicomede, played in front of Louis. Moliere wrote his first drama Les Precieuses ridicules, which was considered the first major comedy of the following year and was staged in Paris (Dudukuşları, 1876; Gülünç Kibarlar, published in 1943). This game, which speaks of two young countries that take care of the civic behavior of society, was the first work of Moliere's most prominent themes in all of his works; Here Moliere dealt with the ridiculousness of the mismatch between superficial friendliness of social rules and basic instinctive behavior.

In 1661, the Moliere group moved to the Palais Royal Hall, which was built as a theater building by Cardinal Richelieu. All Moliere's "Paris" games would be staged here.

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In 1662, his famous performance L & # 39; Ecole des femmes (female play Medeniye, 1876; Women's Women's School, 1941) created a scandal on the first night. The audience and the authorities thought they were facing a comrade who did not respect any value. The show talked about a man who was afraid of women, and therefore wanted to marry a young girl who was not pure eyes. At the end of the game, a man fell in love with his young wife, but he felt ridiculous because he did not know how to express love and to approach women as a lover. Moliere responded to the critique of the performance in 1663 with a one-step La Critique de L 'Ecole des femmes (Women's Criticism, 1944) and L & # 39; lmpromptu de Versailles (Versailles Tuluatı, 1944). The first reflects a sense of comedy, the other, a relaxing room for the actress and a stage for a drill, spoke with a very realistic look. Moliere married Armando Bejart in 1662. He had three children, but only one.

Le Tartuffe, which was staged in 1664, caused more noise than the school of women in the performance of ou imposteur (Tartilig, 1876 and Riyan in Encam, 1881; Tartuffe, 1944). The game was banned due to the pressure of the church and it was possible to play again only in 1669. Tartuffe, with his role as counselor and trainer, threw the cap on the home of the bourgeoisie and was based on the adventurer's adventurer's adventure.

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Despite the ban of Moliere Tartuffe, the more provocative play, Dom Juan, staged only o festin de Pierre (Don Civani, 1876; Don Juan, 1943). Don Juan was a typical hero of the Moliere, who did not recognize the debt or obligation of aristocratic independence, and ignored God and ignored God's obligations to him. But his servant, Sganarelle, was in every way opposed to his master with his realism, devotion and fearfulness. These two heroes can be considered as the French equivalent of Cervantes's Don Quijote and Sancha Panza. The idea of ​​Don Ouijotu replaces Don Juan's rudeness. In the end, Don Juan was sent into hell for his apocalypse, but in the meantime he managed to entertain the audience and reveal his hypocrisy.

In 1666, Moliere staged Le Misanthrope, one of the most successful games in his career (Adamcıl, 1876; Man Escaping from the Man, 1976). The comedy hero is Alceste; was a new type of fool who did not like anyone, but did not recognize his shortcomings.

One of Molier's most famous dramas, L 'Avare (Cimri. 1938, 1991) was first staged in 1668. The work was written in prose, which was similar to the song. This game, in which all the patterns of traditional comedy have been transformed, was not used earlier because it revealed the hero's opposite in hard and huge style. The ambition of the stubborn money has reached the point of stiffness, pathological loneliness, even frankly, in some game scenes. Later, although Goethe Cimri suggested that it was a tragedy, not a comedy, this interpretation can be regarded as excessive. Because the basic contradiction, characteristic of comedy, is a contradiction between inhuman goals and human instincts, but it also appears here, but Moliere makes the audience feel that it is not funny but ridiculous and funny.

George Dandin, who played Moliere in 1668, has long been considered a Persian. According to some current critics, Moliere may be the most original, most attractive. Hero of comedy, Dandin. it's an ironic guy who accepts his own nonsense, but he thinks that wisdom in this world, where everything goes wrong, does not work. He seems to be right, but he can not clearly prove that he is right.

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Molier's health deteriorated after 1669. Nevertheless, Le Bourgeois, who was considered his masterpiece in 1670, succeeded in producing the genre gentilhomnıe (Farmers Asilzade and Bourgeois Jantill, 1927; Tolerance Bud, 1937 / Duchess Elegance, 1938 / Ne Oldum Delisi, 1968). It was one of the most beautiful, happiest comedies of Moliere. Jour-dain, the protagonist of the game in the middle class and the efforts of my class to skip the classroom, was a cute person who, with his empty and absurd words, generously expressed his words, was generous, but also awkward.

Despite his illness, Moliere has performed three other important games in recent years: Les Fourheries de Scapin (1944), performed in 1671, Les Femmes savantes (staged in 1672. Women in Reading, 1876, Women Bilgic, 1944) and Le Malade imaginaire 1940, 1982). This last game mocked the medical profession and the knowledge of doctors, along with the fate of a sick patient who was afraid of death and doctors. On the third night of the game, Moliere suffered death losses and died shortly after taking him home.

Moliere's player also influenced his writing. The characters of his games remind of the actors of his theater group. He often appeared in roles such as a fast-tempered man, a servant, a deceived man, a narrow bourgeois head, and an elderly man, Moliere. It is small in that it is easy to create a game in real life, even in exercises. That's why most games have an improvised mood; The model does not write a predefined game, but a game or the type of people it finds in the game. For example, Le Mariage (1664, Hard marriage, 1871, forced forced marriage, 1933 / forced marriage, 1944 / hard marriage, 1970) is a concern for the novel by Rabelais Panurge of the marriage. Le Medecin malgre lui (1666, Forced Physician, 1876, forced physician, compulsory physician, 1970) deviated from a medieval lesorez story that chose a doctor to get rid of beatings. Games and events are often just a tool to trigger a special discussion. In these speeches, people reveal inaccuracies, absurdities, or contradictions in the opinions and words of others. Applications are often changing, an intelligent man becomes a fool and a fool becomes a representative of deeply entrenched logic. It is therefore wrong to see Moliere's games as a reasonable advocate of Moliere. allows a very new concept for the age of Moliere's comedy to present the concept of nonsense. If a word or event, all types of rationality exceed our borders, although it smiles, it is here with Moliere, here with a fool, constantly changing the sense of nonsense.

Moliere was not a professional writer or literary artist in the classical age and the present. He wrote all his games not for publication, but for immediate play.

Many of Molier's works were translated into Turkish, and many of his works were set up in 1870. Among them. George Dandin Ahmada Vefika Pashe, adapted by Yorgaki Dandini (1872) and his curiosity, adapted by the patient patient (1876) and Memo (1874), adapted by Teodor Butcher with the name Le Cocu (1660). Cimrias also adapted as Teodor Butcher Pinti Hamid (1873), Ahmed Vefik Pasha Azariah (1876), Scapin's lockers as director Ali Bey Ayyar Hamza (1871) and Ahmed Vefik Pasha as Dekbazlik (1876).

Other works:

Le medecine flywheel (1655; Hekim Fly, 1943).

La Jalousie du Barhouitle (1655; Jester Jealousy, 1943),

Dom Garcie de Navarre, ou le prince jaloux (1661; Don Garcie de Navarre or Jealous Prince 1949),

L 'Ecole des maris (1661; Kocalar Mektebi, 1876; Kocalar's School, 1944),

Les Fâ-cheux (1661; Indifances, 1946).

L & # 39; Amour medecin (1665; playing Tabib-i Aşk, 1876; Sevda Doctor in 1943),

Le Sicilien ou Amour Peintre (1667; Sicilia or Resimli Muhabbet, 1944).

Amphitryon (1668; Amphitrion, 1943),

Monsieur de Pourceaugnac (1669; man of twenty children, 1880; published by Monsieur de Pourceaugnac, 1943),

Les Amants magnifiques (1670; lanlı Minstrels, 1950),

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