(CNN) – Hunting for precious gems in Australia showed the first fossil evidence of a dinosaur herd, including a previously discovered series of dinosaurs. A new dinosaur fossil was found in the opal mine and turned into a gem, which makes the latest dinosaur skeleton the world's most complete, a new study showed.
In the 1980s, fossils were first discovered by ophter miner Bob Foster on the Sheepyard bullet. They took them to the bag for the Australian Museum in Sydney and the paleontologists who worked in the museum, returned to the city to help him dig up. More than 60 fossils were discovered in the mine.
They were exhibited there for several years before Foster brought them to the Australian opal center. When his children officially donated fossils to the center in 2015, scientific research could finally begin.
The University of New England, Armidale, the paleontologist Phil Bell, realized that fossils must belong to a previously discovered type of dinosaurs. But when he and his colleagues looked at several fossils, they realized that bones belong to more than one dinosaur.
"At first, we assumed that it was a single skeleton, but when I started to look at some bones, I realized that we have four blades (blades) from different animals," Bell said in a statement. "There are about 60 opalised bones from one adult dinosaur, including part of the braincase, and the bones of at least three more animals."
A new study detailing fossils published on Monday in the Journal of Pateontology of the Vertebrate.
The new species was named Fostoria dhimbangunmal, a genus that favored the discovery of fossil Bob Foster, and the name of the species means the "sheep park" in Yuwaalaraay, once spoken by people who are autochthonous in New South Wales.
Fostoria was a herbivore who stood on her hind legs and belonged to the same group of dinosaurs as iguanodons. Parts of the four Fostoria skeletons were found, including younger dinosaurs, as well as larger adults, who could be 16 feet long. For this reason, researchers believed that they found a dinosaur family or at least a small herd.
"Fostoria gave us the most complete opalised dinosaur skeleton in the world. Partial skeletons of extinct reptiles have been found in other Australian ophthalmic fields, but for opalised dinosaurs there is generally only one bone or teeth, or in rare cases, Some bones," said Jenni Brammall, study author, paleontologist and Australian Special Forces Project Officer. "First, restore dozens of bones from one skeleton."
According to the Australian Opal Center, almost all colors can be seen in the visible spectrum, and most of the world's scum is dug out of the Australian wilderness. The hermit has a real geological recipe for the opal, which is shaped near the edges of the ancient continental sea. This is also the Australian national stone.
In the stone cavities, shards are formed, so that when the bone is buried in sand or clay and turns into a stone, the opal creates a fossil replica of the bone.
The main skeleton of Fostoria is about 15% to 20% of the bone, making it one of the most complete fossils in Australia. It's also the 24th species in Australia.
"The level of discovery is surprising. On average, every week in the world, at least one new dinosaur is discovered," Bell said. "With more paleontologists and scientists looking for more than ever, it's an exciting time for dinosaur lovers everywhere, especially in Australia."