According to the World Health Organization, 15 million children are premature every year, which means more than one in 10 children.
The World Revolution Day, celebrated every year on November 17, is an opportunity to raise awareness about premature births and to draw attention to the urgent need to take action to combat this public health problem.
Pregnancy is a unique experience in the life of any future mum, ending with the advent of a little creature that will forever change the lives of his parents. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for this period to end due to complications that could pose a risk to the health of the mother or child. Premature birth (between 32nd and 37th week of pregnancy) is more common than we imagine. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 15 million children are premature every year, which represents more than one in 10 infants. Almost a million die from complications associated with overweight and many survivors suffer from disability in life, including learning, visual and acoustic disorders.
The World Birth Day, which is celebrated every 17th November, is an opportunity to raise awareness about premature births and remind people of the urgent need to take action to tackle this public health problem. "Precaution is a consequence of various causes: Most premature births occur spontaneously, and some are due to early onset contractions or imperial cuts, whether for health reasons or not. Common causes of premature birth are multiple pregnancies, infections and chronic illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension , but it often happens that the cause is not identified. It would also be a genetic effect. A better understanding of the causes and mechanisms will encourage the development of preventive solutions, "says the WHO. And to add that "Globally, revision is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age.
In almost all countries with reliable data, premature births are increasing. Survival rates show remarkable inequalities from one country to another. In low-income countries, half of infants born 32 weeks (2 months old) died due to a lack of workable and affordable care, such as breast-feeding, breast-feeding and basic care for children. infections and breathing difficulties. In high income countries, almost all of these babies survive. Insufficient use of technology in middle-income settings causes more disabilities for premature infants who survive the age of newborns. "
In Morocco, approximately 60,000 newborns per year are needed for recovery and more than 50% of premature babies. According to a joint study by Unicef, the WHO, the World Bank and the UN-DESA, the Kingdom has made progress in reducing child mortality, which is generally associated with premature birth, from 63/1000 in 1990 to 23/1000 in 2016. Neonatal mortality the same period fell from 36 to 18 per 1,000. Nevertheless, there is still no concern for these babies. Indeed, it is almost impossible to worry about premature newborns or breathing problems in rural areas and small towns. And even in large cities, the hospital is not sufficiently equipped to save lives and often sends parents to private clinics charging excessive prices between 3,000 and 10,000 DH per day. Many families can not pay these fees to keep their children alive, but sometimes they have to decide to stop worrying or risking to die.