On Monday, November 19th, the World Health Organization (WHO) published its latest report on malaria. The report is semicircular. The epidemic is delayed, the number of new cases stagnating, but much more could be done.
In 2017, 219 million malaria cases were recorded. This is about the same number as the previous year; in 2016, there were 217 million. The World Health Organization explicitly warns against this, the fight against the epidemic " is at rest Condition that suggests darker days.
" With the stagnation of progress, we risk losing our years of work "Said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, managing director of the organization.
Ten African countries are particularly affected
In this context, the WHO identifies 11 countries with more than 70% of cases. Ten of them are African countries. Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Nigeria, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo and only Tanzania presents 150 million cases and 275,000 deaths. Joined by RFP, Dr. Pascal Ringwald, coordinator of the Department of Resilience at the Department of Malaria at the World Health Organization, explains why these numbers.
In his health center, located in Nioko 1, on the eastern edge of Ouagadougou, Germain Zongo and his associates receive dozens of people suffering from malaria every month …
Report at the Malaria Center in Burkina Faso
" It is explained that in these countries, everyone has no full access to care. Only half of the population sleeps under mosquitoes, only one in five women receive three doses of medication that can prevent malaria during pregnancy, and only half of children with fever who consult qualified medical staff It's real.
Areas of progress
Despite this black statement, there are areas of progress. In general, the number of countries approaching malaria elimination is increasing. It's now forty-six. In America, for 45 years, Paraguay has become the first country to be considered free by the WHO.
In Africa, some countries also work better, such as Rwanda and Ethiopia.
" When countries give preference to malaria, they get results "Dr Matshidiso Moetti, regional director of the African organization, recalls.
A new WHO strategy for action
The World Health Organization intends to establish a new strategy for action on these successes.
" We will work with these ten most affluent African countries to improve the situation "Real Pascal Ringwald.
The purpose of this new plan is "a powerful effect, a great burden" that better coordinates the response to the disease. This means that it gives priority to primacy on the ground.
" It will need to be more strategic in order to be able to know the situation of malaria, know where the centers of infection are, report more precise information, better enrich and use the best possible tools in these countries. "Details by Pascal Ringwald.
To this end, the WHO intends to have an attenuating role that coordinates the work of all stakeholders, from governments to civilian populations, through non-governmental organizations and health actors.
However, it will obviously be necessary to give funds. There is a problem. In a strange parallel, the stagnation of the number of cases corresponds to the level of funding. Now they spend 2.5 billion euros a year. By 2020, it would be more than twice to reach the targets. To this end, the WHO relies on international donors as well as on the countries concerned.
We will work with these 10 countries that have the greatest burden of improving the situation, but this does not mean that we forget about other African countries, because more than forty countries, but more emphasis will be placed on those countries where there has been a strong stagnation of malaria cases .
Dr. Pascal Ringwald