The Russian-German space telescope was safely put into orbit with the Russian Proton-M missile, which was delayed several days, the Russian space agency said.
The Spektr-RG telescope was transported to a parking orbit where it ignited the rotor to escape from Earth's orbit and went to its final destination: the L2 Lagrange point, according to Roscosmos.
Lagrange points are unique locations in the solar system, where we can keep objects in a position relative to the Sun and the planets that circulate it. Point L2, located 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, is especially ideal for space observatories such as Spektr-RG.
In the event that everything goes according to the plan, the telescope will reach its position in three months and become the first Russian device to operate through the Earth's orbit since the Soviet era. The Space Observatory is the first of its kind to be used to carry out a full study of the X-ray spectrum in the cosmos, which will be completed in 2025.
This Russian achievement comes at a time when the US space agency NASA celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 descent on the Moon on July 20, 1969.
Russian space scientific missions have had serious problems since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. t Due to budget cuts, the Russian space program has shifted to more commercial missions.
The Mars probe Mars 96, which was sent to Mars in 1996, failed to escape the Earth's orbit. A subsequent attempt to send a second probe to Mars, the so-called Fobos-Grunt, had a similar fate in 2011.
The Spektr-RG Space Research Observatory started in the 1980s, but was canceled in the 1990s, and the project, which was rebuilt in 2005, has been transformed to make it smaller, simpler and more economical.
In its modern form, the project is a close collaboration between Russian and German scientists, and both sides have installed equipment on the Russian spacecraft.