Universal / La Voz de Michoacán
Mexico City Most of the time sparkling wines are associated with great celebrations. However, they are also ideal for enjoying at any moment. Among the sparkling wines, champagne is one of the best known, but also cava, prosecco, francocorta and crémant d 'Alsace. Know your production, its features and the best way to enjoy each of them …
Sparkling wine contains bubbles, carbon dioxide and takes place through one or two fermentations. The great difference between them and their name is the result of the region in which they are produced, since some origin (DO), where terroir, climate, grapes and method have changed.
According to the study El Observatorio Español del Mercado del Vino, which was among the most varied sparkling wines in 2017, it was number one prosecco, with 205 million liters, that is 273 million bottles. The second place was occupied by a 117 million liters cava, which represented 156 million bottles; and third, champagne, with 112 million liters, which corresponds to 149 million bottles.
– Champagne, French pride
We can not deny that champagne is synonymous with exclusivity, elegance, fine bubbles, good taste and festivity. Because of its origin, history and method of production, this is a unique drink.
It was the monk Dom Pierre Pérignon, who was credited with his creation by invoking the famous Champenoise method. "Champagne is called, it must be in the Champagne region of France because it has DO; in the areas authorized by Apelation D & # 39; Origine Controlée, they are respected by the rules set by the world and are carried out using a shampooing method It consists of double fermentation, first in a tank and the other in a bottle.
It should also be done with grapes Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay. This wine offers blanc de blancs, which contain only white grapes and blanc de noirs, only with red grapes, "said sommelier Gabriel Linares.
The perfect temperature for champagne is between 11 and 13 degrees. Costs in all sparkling wines will depend on the vineyards and will be added, in a special case, these beverages will range between $ 550 and $ 5,000, although they are naturally bottles that can reach between 10,000 and 15,000,000 euros, as well as much more increased by certain years.
Cava, excellent Spanish
Originally from Catalonia and DO, it is mainly made with coffee Macabeo, Xarel-lo, Malvasía, Garnacha tinta, Monastrell and Parellada. It is also made using a traditional or shampoo method, and its bubbles are usually medium or small.
"It is noted that it is aromatic and gustatory and is generally greenish-yellow. It is recommended to serve between seven and 10 degrees, and their prices range from $ 200.00 to $ 4,500.00 pesos," said the expert.
Prosecco, Italian pampering
Produced with grapes Glera, prosecco comes from Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia, in northwestern Italy. It has nine provinces to produce.
This wine, in contrast to champagne and cave, is carried out according to the charmat method, the other fermentation does not pass through the bottle, but takes place in stainless steel tanks that offer a faster process where a greater production volume is achieved and, therefore, more industrial.
"It stands out in its floral aromas and tastes sweet and fruity in taste. Its bubbles range from medium to large and can be served between six and twelve degrees, its price ranging from 150 to 800 USD.", Gabriel Linares.
Sparkling in Mexico
Sommelier confirms that in Mexico there is still not much culture about sparkling wines, so the stigma accompanying the celebrations should be removed. People between the ages of 35 and 40 are the main Mexican consumers.
It is generally assumed that they are expensive and inaccessible, but the truth is that we will find something with high prices, but they will also be some very affordable and high quality.
One of the great advantages of these wines is that it is very easy to follow them, thanks to the bubbles that perfectly match almost any container. The next time you do not know who you want to enjoy with your meal, ask for sparkling wine and you will be surprised, "said Sommelier.
Ignacio Jacques, the owner of Bodegas Jacques Ignacio Jacques, says that the consumption of sparkling wines in Mexico is 2.5 percent, while red is 80 percent and white is 17.5 percent.
Also, about two and a half million bottles of sparkling wine are consumed per year in our country.