Every third person with COVID-19 in 6 months. according to the largest study ever published on so-called “long-term COVID,” a neurological or mental disorder is diagnosed after the disease.
The authors of the study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry, showed that patients with COVID-19 are much more likely to develop nervous system and mental disorders than those with other respiratory diseases.
After reviewing more than 230 thousand. In the history of patients with COVID-19, researchers found that within 6 months. after illness 34 percent. patients were diagnosed with a neurological or mental disorder.
Anxiety (17% of patients) or mood disorders (14%) were most commonly reported in subjects with COVID-19.
13 percent of the patients studied were the first heard diagnosis of mental health problems.
Although the incidence of neurological disorders such as haemorrhage (0.6%), stroke (2.1%) and dementia (0.7%) was lower than in mental disorders, these conditions were more common in severe COVID 19 in recurrent patients.
The authors of the study also examined more than 100,000. medical history of people with influenza and more than 236 thousand. medical histories of people with other respiratory infections.
They found that the risk of neurological or mental disorders after COVID-19 was 44% compared with influenza. higher, and 16 percent compared to other respiratory diseases. bigger.
One of the lead authors, Oxford University researcher Paul Harrison, said that although the individual risk of mental and neurological disorders under COVID-19 is low, the overall effects of the disease on people’s mental health can be significant.
“Most of these disorders are chronic. Therefore, health systems need to be designed to meet anticipated needs, ”Harrison said.
The study also shows that people admitted to the hospital because of the severe form of COVID-19 are more likely to have long-term effects.
For example, 46 percent. patients who required intensive care with COVID-19 for 6 months. after recovery, neurological or mental disorders were diagnosed.
Data show that 2.7 percent. such patients had cerebral hemorrhage. Among those infected with COVID-19 but untreated, this proportion is 0.3 percent.
Meanwhile, as much as 7 percent. in the intensive care unit of patients treated with COVID-19 within 6 months. suffered a stroke. For comparison, 1.3 percent of nonhospitalized patients were present.