In order to avoid flu, you must first protect yourself against misconceptions about this infectious viral infection, which in people every day during the cold months does not only threaten people's ability to work, but also life. Uga Dumpis, the chief specialist of infectious diseases at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common flu cases.
Myth # 1 "In order not to infect the flu, a strong immunity is sufficient"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses, no matter how strong or weak is general immunity. After the flu is eliminated or after vaccination, it is important to have special immunity against the influenza virus." If a person encounters a new type of influenza virus, there is a high risk for the occurrence of the disease. The year when it seems that the whole source of the new flu, which is still called a pandemic, affects many more people, "says Dumpis.
"If you think that I will not get sick with flu because I will take vitamins and athletes, then I should know that this does not work." Death or immaturity is more affected by the specific immunity and genetic properties of a person, and the risk of illness is increased due to stress, fatigue, indigestion, unbalanced diet, overheating and chilling. On the other hand, the severity of influenza is determined by several factors, including the body's response.
"There are cases where the organism is" too active "due to its immune function to respond to influenza viruses and inflammatory processes cause more pronounced flu symptoms, which means that the disease is even worse. But usually in these cases, due to strong immunity, the patient is successful Hello, "explains Dumpis.
Myth No. 2 "Influenza vaccine can be harmful to health"
Such a statement has no evidence and can not be scientifically grounded, but on the contrary, studies have proved to be a reliable and effective vaccine. Vaccination may result in transient reactions – fever, swelling and pain at the injection site lasting up to two days.
Therefore, we can say convincingly that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of influenza. "It is paid by comparing the price of the vaccine to the cost of treatment and considering other personal economic losses associated with the disease, such as the use of the site with sick leave. Every year, people die in Latvia who can protect the vaccine," says Dumpis.
Myth No 3 "The" vaccine against pregnancy "is particularly dangerous
Quite the opposite! Pregnant women are at high risk, and vaccination is particularly recommended for them, while the state compensates for 50% for the purchase of influenza vaccine for pregnant women.
"The flu is particularly dangerous for pregnant women due to the high temperature affecting the fetus, which adversely affects the development of the fetus and endangers the benefits of pregnancy. It has been proven that pregnant women can be vaccinated during any pregnancy period and this does not harm the newborn.
On the contrary, the child receives the necessary proteins from the vaccinated mum. Doctors who were treated with the flu resuscitation unit would never want to meet again with such cases in their practice. It's terrible if a pregnant woman needs a caesarean section because of a reanimation! "A real Influenza Dump.
Myth # 4 "It does not make sense to be vaccinated because it is not known what the flu will be like this year"
Influenza viruses are very different, and each year, in preparing for a new season of influenza, it is examined which viral variants were most common in the previous season in different regions of the world and what changes occurred in the structure of these viruses. Accordingly, the World Health Organization recommends the composition of the vaccine for the next season for the northern and southern hemispheres.
Sometimes a person who has been vaccinated against influenza is still infected with influenza, especially if it is an elderly person or a person with immunity impairment.
In spite of the fact that the influenza vaccine can not be protected against all diseases in all cases, it reduces the need for hospitalization, complications and fatal complications, which is the most effective measure.
Myth # 5 "Infection is infected only once a year"
People are more likely to infect with the most common influenza virus or prevail over the period and territory concerned. After the flu, the person becomes immune to the appropriate influenza virus. Given that the influenza season lasts from November to May and during the season, many different influenza viruses can spread, flu may occur again, especially in the case of an unvaccinated person, as the vaccinated person is protected from at least three or four of the most common influenza viruses.
The flu epidemic usually begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools in places where they exchange viruses after vacations, and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
Myth No. 6 "The person becomes infectious after he first shows the symptoms of influenza"
No – a person infected with influenza spreads the virus one day before he begins to feel signs of illness – fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be noted that the infection is also divided into seemingly healthy people or those with simple symptoms because they continue to attend educational institutions, workplaces and other public places.
The virus spreads in the form of small drops, infected scaffolds, coughs and even speech or contact – shaking or touching household objects. The infection can be very simple, for example by touching the door handle and rubbing your nose or mouth with dirty hands. When it reaches the airways, the virus breaks rapidly, after a few days or even hours, a person suddenly feels sick. In order to reduce the spread of the infection, it is often necessary to wash hands, clear spaces and, as far as possible, to avoid visiting public places, especially during an influenza epidemic.
The materials were prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control within the framework of the public awareness campaign "Do not let the flu to catch up!" The aim of the campaign is to encourage population flu vaccination and raise awareness of the importance of vaccination, especially in those populations that are at high risk for complications associated with influenza.