New Delhi: The second Indian mission in the world, Chandrayaan-2, has provoked great interest in western media and scientific journals, with many saying that a mission costing less than half of the budget of the Hollywood blockbuster "Avengers Endgame" will unite India with lunar pioneers – USA, Russia and China.
The Chandrayaan-2 mission, which lasts exactly 50 years after the astronauts from Apollo II made their historic journey to the Sea of Tranquility on the Moon, will try a historic touch near the southern half of the Moon, "where the water ice goes into a permanent shadow of craters ".
Only another mission – the Chinese spacecraft Chang & # 39; e-4 – softly landed in this robust, forbidden area, says Scientific American.
"The total cost of the Chandrayaan-2 mission is about $ 124 million, which includes a $ 31 million launch price and $ 93 million for the satellite. The cost is less than half of the budget of the Hollywood blockbuster" Avengers Endgame, "with an estimated budget of $ 356 million , "Says Sputnik.
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"On Monday, July 15, 2.51, engineers at the Indian National Space Port in Sriharikota will launch a Chandrayaan-2 probe into the orbit around the Earth. This will be the most ambitious space mission the nation has tried."
The New York Times, with a similar voice address: "Why we all want to return to the moon," says: "For India, the achievement of the Moon would emphasize its technological advancement. China would become a global power of the planet. route to Mars. "
The National Public Radio in the United States writes: "China, India and even smaller nations, such as Israel and South Korea, are striving for robotic missions on the Moon. Their lunar ambitions are driven both by the desire to develop technological muscles and the rise of global nationalism "."
The Washington Post, in an article entitled "The Indian Moon Mission, points to the growing spatial ambitions of the country," writes: "Although India's space program started in the 1960s, it acquired a new city under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. as a symbol of the rising nature of the country at the international level and the backbone of its defense capabilities. "
"The Indian Mars first satellite cost less than the Gravitational Space Film budget. The cost of the current lunar mission is $ 141 million much lower than the $ 25 billion that the US spent on its Apollo program," he said.
On the web site space.com, details of the mission on the Moon are given: "Chandrayaan-2 consists of an orbiter, a ship called Vikram, and a rover called Pragyan. If everything goes according to plan, touchdown will happen 6. September is a plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, about 70 degrees south of the equator.
"Moon polar regions are interesting for scientists and advocates of research because there is a lot of water ice on the ground of permanently overshadowed craters. Such" lunar cold traps "contain the fossil record of the early solar system and at the same time a valuable resource that can help human exploration of the nearest neighbor of the Earth . "
The science journalism portal phys.org says: "India will strengthen the international space race on Monday when it launches a low-cost mission that will only become the fourth country to which the probe will land on the Moon. Almost the entire orbiter Chandrayaan-2, Lander and Rover was designed and manufactured in India. "
Scientific American website says: "The journey of a new mission could bring important information about the mysterious Moon's waters that could be used for scientific studies of deep lunar history – or for the production of rocket fuel, drinking water and respiratory air in support of the future human starting point."
The website of Planetary News says: "One of the most convincing results of Chandrayaan-1 was the detection of water (OH) on the Moon, both with the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3), the instrument provided by NASA, and with the ISRO Moon Impact Probe (MIP). The contact with the spacecraft was lost in August 2009, which ended the scientific mission, but since then NASA has moved a spacecraft into a lunar orbit with ground radars, although it operated on the Moon for less than half the expected two years. in life, the mission reached approximately 95 percent of its goals.