Berlin (dpa / tmn) – People with type 2 diabetes have good chances of getting their illness through eating diets and more controlled exercise. Above all, overweight diabetics should lose weight, explains the diabetologist prof. Knut Mai from Charite, Berlin. Obesity and type 2 diabetes are closely linked.
In people with type 2 diabetes – the most common form of diabetes – the body produces insulin to lower blood sugar, but it does not function properly in cells. This so-called insulin resistance may be due to obesity of the organs.
If type 2 diabetics lose weight and move more, burning of fat increases, and organs and muscles respond better to insulin. Affected people should therefore always strive for a healthier lifestyle. Only if this does not lead to the goal, drugs are used.
However, a considerable weight loss is beneficial in achieving an approximate normal blood sugar level, says Professor Andreas Pfeiffer of the German Institute of Dietary Research (DIfE) Potsdam-Rehbrücke. Anyone who loses at least 15 kilograms in the first six years after getting acquainted with diabetes has one
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Most patients with overweight prof. Mai takes with the help of the so-called diet. The meals are partially or wholly replaced by liquid dissolved in the liquid. "For about eight weeks, the patient will only consume 800 calories per day," explains Professor Mai.
It is important that this happens under medical supervision. Why? "In most cases, rapid weight loss causes blood pressure to go too high – the drug needs to be adjusted accordingly." According to Professor Mai, patients lose about 8 to 15 percent of their body weight with the formula of diet.
According to Pfeiffer and Mai it is harder to maintain weight. "Unfortunately, we see that patients will soon increase again," says Mai. His advice: In a nutritional consultation, you can learn how an optimal diet might look like. "Studies show that more protein should be rich and should have a low glycemic index."
Mai recommends to relatives affected to follow. First, it's hard to eat healthy when others do not. And secondly, a balanced diet is healthy for all.
In addition, training is important to lose as much fat as possible, but less muscle mass than part of losing weight. Corn experience is the best in the group. "Find a training partner or the entire running team," is his advice. Therefore, the inhibition threshold is higher so as not to go into training. Finally someone is waiting there.
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