Monday , June 21 2021

Cocoa, soya and palm oil responsible for deforestation



Footprint. Of course, with the export of its agricultural surplus, France contributes to the world's diet. But the opposite is just as true. Agricultural imports mobilize 14.8 million hectares around the world. This is a quarter of Hexagon area, half of its beneficial agricultural area (UAA)! By decomposing customs declarations, assessing the state of the forests in exporting countries and adhering to the agricultural production framework in these countries, WWF estimates that 5.1 million hectares are for crops that meet our annual needs. At the top of the responsible products there are no smart oils, but they are less well-known and publish two other crops: soy and cocoa.

According to the product imported deforestation. © WWF

The responsibility for palm oil fields in destroying the natural environment of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea is well documented and is the subject of international mobilization of industrialists and states that deforestation. However, the situation on the ground is still not under control due to the large number of small planters and difficulties in building a reliable cadastre. Also, 84% of 1 million tons imported annually poses a high risk of coming from forested areas.

No soy without eggs or chicken breasts

BREAKS. Soy risk is less known. And for good reason: they do not consume directly on the tile, while every European person consumes 61 kilograms a year without knowing it. Almost 5 million tonnes, which are landed annually in ports in the Bretton Woods, are used for animal feed, in particular pigs and poultry. Preparation of 1 kg of chicken requires 800 to 900 grams of soybean and the production of eggs is highly dependent on this legume imported from Argentina and Brazil into two countries where this plant colonized millions of hectares of natural areas. Recent imports of soybeans for the production of biofuels still increase the risk. Therefore, 73% of the imported soy is endangered by deforestation.

Finally, what is an important factor for forest destruction. The growing demand for chocolate from 2% per year causes world production flirting with 4 million tons, of which France imports 10%. 70% of the tonnage of beans comes from Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana. Whilst some shade plants are in the sun, it is preferable to increase yield in the sun. Consequently, the equatorial forest, which completely covered the southern Côte d'Ivoire, completely disappeared, with the exception of some national parks that are still at risk. A recent report by the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) points out that, given the growing situation of this tree, it is not possible to guarantee a guaranteed "zero reduction" of cocoa. The 57% risk of deforestation in the study is probably underestimated.

The production of wood and pulp is more responsible and sustainable

NOGA. For the trio, the remaining four products analyzed the current contrasts. Hevea is in great danger, but on reduced imports. The study tells us that natural rubber is part of a quarter of individual car tires, and not just for commercial tires. Beef and its side-production pose a lower risk because most of the imports come from countries where the risk of deforestation is low. But commercial skin channels for frequently complicated shoes should be cautious in the results. Lastly, wood and pulp are important import tools, but the risk is low for two reasons: imports from tropical countries are limited and reserved for special purposes, such as garden furniture. Wood and cellulose come mainly from the European Union and are largely covered by labels that ensure the sustainable management of exploited forests.

Individual and collective responsibility

MEAT. With its parts and similar data, Envol Vert's Association has sought to calculate the individual footprint of each French language. The association arrives at 352m² of forests destroyed on average to meet the needs of the consumer's lambda. The association also undertook to calculate the saved areas if the mode of consumption changed. Thus, with a strict vegetarian diet and with great control over the purchased products, we can print up to 44 m². Without achieving this goal, cutting meat consumption by half means that you can reduce your "forest footprint" by a third.

Individual imprint of each Frenchman on imported deforestation. © Green Flight

In addition to consumer measures, the reduction in imported deforestation also applies to public policies. In July, the government publicly consulted in July on its "strategy to combat imported deforestation". Creating labels, promoting the growth of soybean in France with the scheme of proteins, cooperation with countries in the south in the fight against deforestation, monitoring supply chains, companies' commitment, these are the tools that France is supposed to launch in November. It will then continue to assess the effectiveness of the plan, which is not binding on economic actors.


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