Chile is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of diabetes in South America, added to one million people. The main signs indicating the existence of this pathology are progressive overweight and obesity, an increase in the concentration of fats in the abdominal region, and the darkening of the skin in areas such as the neck and elbows.
Diabetologist and endocrinologist of the clinic Ciudad del Mar, dr. Berta Garrido states that these specific characters can help to discover in time. "If these symptoms occur, it can be prediabetes, so you need to perform a glucose tolerance test with an insulin curve," says an expert.
"This problem is also associated with smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, so it is advisable to avoid them," adds an endocrinologist to the disease to prevent people from eating a healthy diet based on vegetables and some fruits, reducing sugar, fat and salts that are administered daily for at least 30 minutes and avoid excessive drug use, such as alcohol and cigarettes. "
In this line, the expert explains that diabetes mellitus can cause other serious problems such as stroke, blindness, heartbeats, kidney disease, and amputation of the limbs, which has increased by 28 percent over the last decade.
Types of diabetes
- Diabetes Mellitus Type 1: It is an autoimmune disease that destroys pancreatic cells producing insulin and usually occurs in children and adolescents, although in some cases it is possible to develop in adulthood. It occurs between 3 and 5% of people with diabetes.
- Diabetes Mellitus type 2: It is a combination of insulin resistance and insulin deficiencies, which usually occur in adulthood, associated with obesity, physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. Approximately 95% of diabetes worldwide corresponds to this type.
- Gestational diabetes: It corresponds to intolerance to glucose that occurs during pregnancy and affects at least one of 25 pregnancies worldwide.