Mexico (Notimex). – Despite the fact that tuberculosis can be prevented and healed, it remains more contagious, tsaid Yolanda López Vidal, an academician at the Unam Medical School.
As part of the World Tuberculosis Day, the expert explained that this is a chronic infectious disease the most common in the world.
More than 30,000 people a day Worldwide, the disease affects about 4,500 people. It is estimated that the fight against tuberculosis has saved 54 million lives since 2000; mortality decreased by 42%.
The Ministry of Health reported in Mexico Last year there were 2235 cases. In the first months of 2019 there were 667 cases of tuberculosis in women and 1125 in males.
March 24, 1882 Robert Koch has announced the discovery of bacteria that cause it, which enabled diagnosis and treatment.
The disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Patients will be more likely to be transferred to the people they live each day.
This is shown by fever, pneumonia and granulomas and may cause damage to any organ or tissue, in particular the lungs. It can also affect the liver, kidneys, meninges in the pediatric population, including in several organs at once (miliary tuberculosis).
"General patient's general health errors can cause death," the specialist said.
"But we are not all sensitive, only 10 percent of the population gets sick. Usually it happens when we are small or older adults, but the most common pulmonary tuberculosis has a greater incidence in people aged 25 to 50 years, "he said.
He added that, despite the reduction in the number of fatalities, this situation in the world continues; perseverance due to the fact that many patients do not complete treatment and that bacteria create resistance.
Tuberculosis is one of the Diseases called "poverty"regardless of their stigmatization, people need to visit health centers to have an appropriate diagnosis and start treatment.
He stressed that this is a priority reducing the number of deaths the incidence rate is less than 10 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants, in addition to the fact that no affected family will face catastrophic costs.