World TB Tuberculosis (TB) is celebrated on March 24, a disease that is among the leading causes of death worldwide around the world. But it's curable.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that keeps humanity from its inception and continues to this day. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is one of the 10 leading causes of death worldwide, even over HIV-AIDS.
On March 24, 1882, Robert Koch announced the world's discovery of bacteria responsible for tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Therefore, in memory of this event, the United Nations General Assembly declared this date the World Tuberculosis Day.
This year's celebration has a motto "Ya es hora!", Regarding the challenges the planet has in terms of control and eradication. However, our country was happy to show "an enviable relationship – the end of 2018 was 6.1 per hundred thousand inhabitants – thanks to the Cuban country that ensures patients receive the right medicines and treatment."
It was very proudly expressed by Dr. Carmen Rosas Valladares, specialist in pneumotychiology and assistant professor at the Pneumologically Beneficial Legal Hospital, National Reference Institution for respiratory diseases.
Tuberculosis is a curable disease, explained Dr. Carmen Rosas Valladares.
Cough and coughing for more than 14 days, sign
A specialist who has been in touch with tuberculosis patients for more than thirty years has stressed that it is a contagious-infectious disease that is transmitted from person to person through a gout (called fluoride, released in cough, speech, laughter and even sing) containing Koch bacilli.
Cough and coughing between 14 and 21 days and fever, usually in the evening and evening, are the main symptoms.
Decay, loss of appetite may also occur. "When the disease progresses, the onset of symptoms becomes more wet."
In view of these signs, it should be emphasized that the primary care needs to be sought immediately, that is to say, a family doctor, where after the hearing and physical examination, samples of morning pondering are taken.
Epidemiological aspects are fundamental, as there are people, such as smokers, who often represent coughing and coughing.
Among the endangered population, prisoners, diabetics and people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were listed.
Vital Primary Health Care
Once a doctor has been diagnosed, he mentions other analyzes (including glycemic risk due to the risk of diabetics), as well as enzymatic, liver and kidney studies, as they are metabolised in both organs whose condition is important for treating the so-called lamivudine medicines called rifampicin and isoniazid (although others are used) are very expensive for our country to acquire in remote states that avoids blocking the United States.
He emphasized that in Cuba, patients are treated at the level of the first world, that they are strengthened with food and are separated from the workplace, not social, as it has been proven that patients can live with their families, they always care as they are. Do not cough near others, keeping in mind that TB is transmitted by air.
The disease causes millions of deaths annually on the planet, and in Cuba, since the victory of the revolution, measures have been taken to monitor and control the epidemic, which has led to the results that the country has shown today. where primary health care plays a key role, with a doctor program and a family nurse.
He explained that five years ago the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) revealed that this nation is likely to eradicate in both America (this is considered when the rate is below 5), and support is received. with audiovisual means, so that Cuban tires are informed and trained to cope with any situation and improve the indicators achieved so far.
* World Day of Tuberculosis This year's motto is a cry, which seems like a desperate cry after successive years of stagnation in the fight against infectious diseases, which are killing more people every year in the world. Progress is slow, so it will take nearly two centuries to complete it at the current level, while the international community's goal is to stop the epidemic in 2035.