Isidora Goyenechea: A business woman with vision and social awareness labeling Loto | Company


When we speak of those who have marked the foundations for the formation of Chile, which we know today, there is a list of names (mostly men) that can fill the pages and pages of books. But we know very little about the chiles that helped shape our country.

One of these women, who in the history of the country labeled it before and after, is Isidora Goyenechea, a business woman of the nineteenth century.

He was born in 1836 in Copiapó, the daughter of Ramón Goyenechea and María de la Luz Gallo, two mining entrepreneurs silver and maritime commercial traffic.

When her mother became widow in 1841, she was married Matías Cousiño, who bought the coal deposit in Loti and settled in this area with his new family Isidora Goyenechea, a 19th-century entrepreneur: a pioneer in Chile in corporate social responsibility.

Matías Cousiño had a son from the first law, Luis, and then both boys fell in love.

Isidora and Luis were married in 1855 and had seven children: Alfredo (who died in his youth), Luis Alberto, Carlos Roberto, Luis Arturo, Adriana, Loreto and María Luz.

Soon the marriage was changed into one of the great importance for the municipality of Lota and the Bío Bío region.

After the death of Luis's father, Matías Cousiña, in 1863, he transferred the coal into the hands of his son, and Isidora joined her husband's job.

This would also be the birthplace of the Cousiño de Lota Palace and the construction of a garden that Louis would send as a gift to his wife: the current Isidora Cousiño Park, was reported on the Monumentos Nacionales website.

The marriage was also within the group that formed it South Railway Company, which allowed the train to extend from Santiago to other municipalities in the south of the country, according to Uach magazine.

Business woman

After Luis's death, Isidora took full responsibility for the family.

Med War for the Pacific, who observed that coal production from its applications was not reduced, to provide the necessary fuel for Chilean ships in combat.

In addition, the coal ship was made available to the Chilean state Matías Cousiño, the one who was the most important fleet he owned, according to the Icarito city.

Isidora's happiness was such that she became one of the most powerful women in Chilewhen he expanded the business that his deceased husband had.

He also received the first attempts at creation salmon in Chile, carrying hatcheries in the Chivilingo River.

It would be in this sector of the Bío Bío region where it would be built with the aid Thomas Alba Edison, Chivilingo Hydroelectric Power Plant, because it is the first species of this species in Chile others in South America.

Its implementation enabled the arrival of electricity in the municipality, which makes Lota known as one of the most advanced cities in the country, according to the blog Mining City.

In 1990, the factory was proclaimed a national historical monument, but unfortunately, in 2018, the landmark for the region suffered a blow when the roof collapsed, which caused criticism for the authorities because of the apparent state of abandonment in which it was.

Hydroelectric power station Chivilingo | Municipality of Lot
Hydroelectric power station Chivilingo | Municipality of Lot

Your legacy

The role of Isidore in Lotus meant that paving the streets popular neighborhoods and the construction of the church in Loti Alto. In addition, the construction is housing for workers, which added bricks to the oven, next to the wash basins.

According to one of her descendants, Carlos Cousin, in conversation with Caras magazine, Isidore Goyeneche, as well as an entrepreneur and visionary for his time, she was a domestic woman and worried about the reality of Lota.

According to Carlos, Isidora felt the proximity and responsibility that has been shown in projects such as a drop of milk to help mothers. Isidora Goyenechea was genuinely affected by the reality of Lota. "

According to the website of the National Monuments of Chile, La Gota de Leche was an institution set up to combat malnutrition of children area and its high mortality.

He was alone in this building children in Lota for freein addition to distributing bottles at the price and educating mothers in the care of children.

Carlos Cousiño commented that Isidora "is not the typical character of Chilean aristocrat, cultivated in hacienda, but that it comes from the hardness of mining, a very uncertain world".

In addition to the features that Isidora had in Loti, he added the ones he had in Santiago and Valparaíso.

Among the most famous is the Cousiño Palace in the metropolitan area, which was declared a national monument in 1981 and is open to the tourists they visit. He said he had one of the few existing lifts in the world they worked at a water pressure.

Palace Cousiño | Community of Santiago
Palace Cousiño | Community of Santiago

In the meantime, the current Higgins Park is the former Cousiño Park, opened in 1873 and renamed in 1972. At present, the area is a key point for large recreational activities in the capital. For example, in this celebration of mass ramps in Fiestas Patrias and Lollapalooza festival since 2011.

Isidora died in Paris in 1897. During her burial, she was honored by the miners, and in her will, she part of his heritage intended for use in the EU. t construction of churches, hospitals, two schools for men and women and asylum for miners with disabilities.

Park Isidora Cousiño | Lot is surprising
Park Isidora Cousiño | Lot is surprising


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