Incorrect sleep may affect the immune system, cardiovascular, metabolic and neurological diseases and cause depression, anxiety and even diabetes.
Margarita Reyes Zúñiga, a psychiatrist who was involved in the National Institute of Infectious Diseases (INER)'s Sleep Medicine Department, said yesterday that sleeping at the right time is as important as a balanced diet or physical activity.
"Sleep does not cause the body to keep the alert system activated by increasing adrenaline secretion, which causes an increase in heartbeat, sweating, heart pounding, headache, anxiety, anxiety and irritability," he said.
The second consequence of lack of sleep is the weakening of the immune system, which is why it is less enriched to fight infections.
In terms of metabolic problems, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia, the expert stated that sleep deprivation causes an increase in appetite and the alteration of blood glucose and other metabolic parameters.
Reyes Zúñiga explained that hours of sleep are changing according to age, for example, Newborns must sleep 18 hours, pre-school hours are between 10 and 12 hours, while teenagers have eight hours and have grown at least seven hours
According to the results of the National Health and Nutrition Research Midway 2016 (Ensanut), 40% of adults sleep less than seven hours.
It is estimated that 60% of children of school age sleep less than 9 hours, "which partly explains the childhood obesity epidemic in the country."
He found that we would like to avoid changes in the sleep cycle in the adult population, try to treat lenses and get up at the same time, not to eat coffee or alcohol at night, to avoid exercise for three hours before going to bed and to have a light snack.
It is also advisable to have a comfortable, dark, quiet bedroom that is not too warm or cold.