Almost half of Basques would not feel comfortable if they were to meet a person infected with HIV. According to the survey, only three in ten should not go out with an HIV positive person: "Has HIV become a problem?", Conducted by IAPAC (International Association of AIDS Carers) in collaboration with Gilead Sciences.
BILBAO The study points out that 62% of respondents in Euskadi believe that HIV-infected people can continue to transmit the virus to others, despite the fact that the disease is controlled, a third still believes that the virus can be obtained by dividing the teeth brush and 58% of Basque treats the source of HIV as a public health problem.
The survey was carried out in June last year to 24,212 people over 18 years of age from 12 European countries, of which more than 2,000 from Spain, and underlines the "social stigmatization" of HIV, the ignorance of disease and "Discrimination" often suffered by these patients is still an "important problem", although access to adequate treatment can lead to these patients living almost as long as the general population and living a normal life.
In fact, 36% of Baskov states that they would not feel comfortable working with someone infected with this virus, higher than the Spanish average of 28%. However, only 42% of those who participated in the Euskadi study believe that these patients can perform any type of work, which is a higher percentage than the national average (35%). In addition, 35% believe that they should not be able to practice in the field of health.
The HIV stigma also spreads to the personal environment, as 47% of Basque people admitted that if they were single, they would not feel comfortable with someone infected with the virus. In the case of Spain, the percentage is increased to 55%. Only three out of every ten people in Euskadi (36%) should not retreat with an HIV positive person, compared with 30% of autonomous communities.
The study points out that only 10% of respondents know that these patients do not tolerate viruses in patients who respond appropriately to treatment and achieve an unintentional viral load. In Spain, the percentage is increased to 14%.
In addition, more than half of Baskov (62%), eleven points over 51% of the Spanish average, believes that people living with HIV can continue to transmit the virus to others, despite the fact that the infection is controlled, and only 49% knows that it's perfectly possible to have negative children's HIV through natural sexual intercourse.
On the other hand, a third of Baskov still believes that the virus can be obtained by dividing the toothbrush, while 67% said it never tested HIV. Of those who reported that they had ever tested for HIV, 48% of them did most recently more than five years ago.
Although the use of condoms is essential to prevent sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, only 31% say they use it when they have sex with a new partner, 34% say they rarely use or "never", a percentage of a lot higher than the Spanish average (23%).
In addition, 80% of respondents believe that they do not have the risk of concluding the virus, while 31% believe that it is not necessary to conduct a sex test without caution with the new partner.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIV AND AIDS
The study emphasizes that it is "important to continue to work with public awareness" because HIV is exposed to the virus, but it does not have to develop the disease. In this line, it explains that AIDS is a condition of the HIV virus, which strongly attacks the immune system and effectively stops working, but this difference is almost unaware of almost half of Basques (especially 48%).
Also, one out of five respondents (22%) know that if someone is diagnosed with HIV early and commences treatment soon enough to reach an undetectable viral load as soon as possible, 59% of the expected life expectancy will be believed to be effective treatment significantly reduced the likelihood of developing AIDS.
The study points out that 69% of Baskov believes that HIV is under control in Spain. In addition, it notes that, although the knowledge of the Spanish State on HIV is "limited" and should continue to raise awareness of the population, "levels of awareness and trust" in treatment are above the average of the countries of Europe.
58% of Basque coincides with the fact that it is considered a public health problem compared to 64% of the Spanish average, and 83% believe that it is a priority to allocate public funds to fight HIV, as well as the national average.