MADRID, December 7 (EUROPA PRESS) –
Approximately 90 percent of the population suffering from dysphagia is not diagnosed or properly treated, although it is a very common disorder, according to Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition. Dysphagia is associated with a problem or discomfort to swallow food or fluids and may involve the passage of food into the airway.
The prevalence of dysphagia is mainly associated with people of a higher age. Fifty percent of the institutionalized elderly and 47 percent of those hospitalized after an acute episode are suffering from this change. However, it is often found that people under the age of 60 who suffer from dysphagia and those with oncological (60-75%) and neurological pathologies, such as multiple sclerosis (90%), Parkinson's (82%), dementia (80 %), ELA (75%) or stroke (55%).
More than two million people in Spain suffer from dysphagia, which means they can suffer from complications such as aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, or malnutrition. In fact, 32% of patients with dysphagia suffer from malnutrition.
One of the main problems associated with disafagia is malnutrition and dehydration because because of anxiety caused by a person swallowing any fluid or food, he stops eating. Therefore, it is very important to ensure a good dietary treatment "with a diet adjusted to viscosity, texture, calories and protein intake", emphasizes the ESSD Chair, Secretary Furege and Director of the Sanitari del Maresme Consortium Pere Clavé Research.
In addition, it is estimated that patients with dysphagia and malnutrition have a hospitalized life expectancy of 6 months to 1 year. Therefore, early detection and proper treatment are "fundamental aspects", inform the expert.
Nutricia Advanced Medical Nutrition, the European Society of Dysphonia (ESSD) and the Research Foundation for Gastroenterology (Furega), within the framework of the Swallow Well campaign, a diagnostic session to be held in various hospitals in Spain.