Here is how to use a naloxone kit in a situation of overdose opioids


About 200 people of all cultures, ages and backgrounds – coincidence, coincidence, wide demography with opioid overdose – on Thursday morning in Telus Tower in the naaloookson training center.

Participants of the event, organized by Telus Health in collaboration with Vancouver Coastal Health, were equipped with naloxone kits and a demonstration of how to use it.

Figures were an important part of the presentation: close to 1,500 dead in B.C. only because of the opioid crisis, 4000 in Canada in 2017 – numbers that are likely to recur, if not exceeded, by the end of the year.

"This is the most pressing health issue of our generation," said Keith Ahamad, a researcher at B.C. Center for substance use.

Prior to the demonstrations and frequently asked questions about naloxone, public health officials paid attention to scary numbers: 81 percent of deaths due to an overdose in B.C. Last year they were associated with fentanyl; men between 19 and 59 are most likely to die; two thirds of overdosage deaths were people who only use drugs; In 30,000 cases of overdoses, 120,000 naloxone kits were issued since 2012.

"I rarely met someone who was not affected by the crisis personally," said Miranda Compton, director of regional programs for addiction and regional preventative programs in coastal health in Vancouver.

The main part of the training was around the acronyms of S.A.V.E.M.E.

Prior to explaining what this meant, Vancouver's coastal health educator Sally Cupp started with preliminary points of discussion: do not use medication yourself and do not use small doses.

Kupp also explained the primary differences between opioids and overdoses of stimulants. Stimulants, such as cocaine, amphetamines, crystalline targets and ecstasy, may be immune to naloxone, but because some people mix their types of drugs, naloxone can be administered the same. The signs of an overdose of stimulant include anxiety, paranoia, warm skin temperature and sweating.

Overdose of opioids is markedly different and includes slow or refractory breathing, slow or no pulse, blue lips and blue extremities, fever and lack of response.

When the characters are recognized, this is where the S.A.V.E.M.E. it's coming.


* Call, ask for help and call 911.
* Touch your leg against the overdose.
* For those who do not respond, they make a fist and rub it against the fetus to respond.


* Check the person's mouth for obstacles such as a syringe or rubber cover.
* Use gloves, if available, and the syringe – with the cap still – in the kit of the lever to remove any obstructions.
* With your hands on your chin and forehead, tilt your head back to open your breathing path.


* Place the mask on the supplied naloxone kit. If the mask is not available, use a piece of cloth.
* With your head tilt back, pinch your nose and two breaths.
* Check the chest to see if it raises with every breath.
* Continue with one breath every five seconds until the person breathes and the first responses come in.


* is the person who breathes? Re-evaluate every five seconds
* Does the skin color return to normal?
* Does the temperature increase?

Medicinal product:

* In each set, you will get three vials of naloxone and three syringes.
* hold the vial from the top and turn it around.
* With your thumb, place the vial that has been removed from the body.
* Fill the contents of the vial into the syringe, ensuring that the tip of the needle reaches the bottom of the vial to prepare the whole medicine.
* Turn the syringe up so that the needle is facing up and push the plunger until most of the air is gone.
* Put the needle in the big muscle at an angle of 90 degrees: gluteous, quadruped or trapezoidal.
* Wait for the pistol to click, which means that the needle is withdrawn into the syringe.
* When all this happens, they still provide air every five seconds.

Rate / Support:

* Check how the person responds to naloxone and continues breathing every five seconds
* If there is no response within three to five minutes, use another dose of naloxone
* When the first responses arrive, give them all the details: what kind of medication was consumed, the amount of ulcona, the breathing patterns of overdose and the breathing you gave them.

Kupp has warned that naloxone works from 20 to 90 minutes and that CPR is not necessarily necessary at overdoses of opioids.

"If you are witnessing an overdose, it's the first breathing problem and it's not a heart problem. They probably have a beat," she said.

Naloxone kits are available at


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