For parents of children who have birthdays near the deadline for registering in kindergarten, the debates can begin as soon as they are born: should we dress red? Will it soon be ready for kindergarten?
The red-shirting, originally coined as a term for college athletes that were preserved from the competition for the year in order to improve their knowledge and expand their eligibility, is now widely used to describe the act of having a baby from the beginning of the kindergarten for an additional year. This is most common in children who have summer birthdays or birthdays, which fall very close to the cut-off point of the school district.
Is it really for the benefit of the child that the "red-shirted" is for discussion; but now a new study suggests that students born August and who are among the youngest in their kindergartens are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD.
Reporter Jenny Anderson writes for Quartz about a study published this week by researchers from the Harvard Medical School.
Thus, a child's birthday can shape their experiences at school. Imagine that you live in a school environment with a September 1st section, which means that your child must be under five years of age to start school. This means that the boy, named Lucas, who turned to five on August 15, enrolled in the same class as Jack, who will refuse six on September 15th.
Jack was almost 20% longer than Lucas. Developmentally, this is eternity. He will probably be better self-controlled and better equipped to do things that are needed at school, such as sitting quietly and listening for a longer period of time.
"Because children are aging, small differences in age are equalized and dispersed over time, but in behavior terms, the difference between six and seven years may be quite pronounced," said senior author Anupam Jena, associate professor of health policy at the Blavatnik Institute at Harvard Medical School. What's normal for a five-year-old, it seems immature for six-year-olds.
The study found that children born August in the districts of September 1 were 34 per cent more likely than their almost one-year older September to get a diagnosis of hyperactivity disorder in attention. Symptoms of ADHD may include hyperactivity, inadequacy, difficulty sitting, lack of focus, or inability to follow the instructions.
Personally, my husband and I red-shirted our son. He has a birthday in September and in our school environment, the cut-off date is October 1. The more we came to the moment when we had to make a decision, it was more clear that he would not be ready, either academically or emotionally – the transition from two hours of kindergarten to four days a week to a full day nursery month before he even turned around for five years. And his teachers in the kindergarten clearly showed that they can not agree more.
Fortunately, we had the opportunity (and financial resources) to put it into a pre-school program, especially for children in this situation; it was five days a week and more academically strict than a regular 4-year program (but less than kindergarten). And even now that my son is progressing in the second grade, I can not imagine he will succeed in the third grade if he was enrolled the year before.
But the choice is at all the luxury that many parents do not have. Many parents can not afford another year of kindergarten or kindergarten. And one of the parents in our Facebook Offspring Facebook group was forced to report his son to kindergarten in order to maintain a range of educational services for him.
"In the programs of the school district, he received pre-school treatments for some developmental delays (gross motor, fine engine, speech). These therapies expire at the age of 5, assuming that your child then continues the therapy through a special school district," says Jennifer, who is a son two weeks before fifteen weeks before the school district left on August 1.
"If he waited for a year, his therapy would stop and for three years he would have to pay three insect chips and then re-evaluated for school district therapies that could be refused. So when he sent him to school and when was a grandfather in school district treatment, was the only solution that really made sense. "
Because the other parents decided to delay the start of the kindergarten, her son ended up in a class with a wide range of ages, and she wondered, "Will he look so far if everyone would just go when they were 5? Or maybe was so much delayed because half of these children were lucky enough to be able to wait? "
Other parents in the Facebook group say they have – or still – think about all of their child's social and academic skills to their physical size compared to children of their age. Some parents influence personal experience when they were among the eldest or the youngest when they were at school.
Are there some people like Matt who choose what could be considered a compromise: "Our current plan is to enter a kindergarten and see how it goes," says Matt. "In the worst case scenario, kindergarten repeats the second year. Every child is different, so each parent has to make the best decision for their family."