Binita Priyambada25. apr. 2019 09:34:00 IST
World malaria day is observed on April 25th in order to recognize and celebrate global efforts to control and raise awareness of malaria. This year's event has activities and action around the theme "Zero malaria starts with me".
After a decade of great progress in the fight against malaria, progress has been made in reducing new cases since 2015. Every year, World Malaria Day is an opportunity to engage local and global public health organizations with civil society, the private sector, academia. and global leaders in strengthening and fighting for the complete elimination of life-threatening illness.
In recent years, we have seen great progress in the eradication of malaria. The most ambitious of these is the "gene drive" – the method of introducing a modified genetic version into the swarm of genetically modified mosquitoes, which eventually become sterile, later generations of mosquitoes. In regions where malaria is very high, there are mosquitoes, especially women Anopheles mosquitoes responsible for the transmission of parasites that cause malaria from infected to healthy people are rapidly multiplying. Genetic propulsion is the smart use of genetic regulation technology to sterilize these harmful malaria-producing mosquitoes. In many years, gene drive can lead to the complete eradication of mosquitoes (which seems undeniably pleasant), but it can cause irreversible changes in the natural ecosystem.
Other advances were made in the form of a a new malaria vaccine introduced by the WHO in Africa, an origami-style diagnostic device for remote regions without access to expert diagnostics, efforts to detect drugs to treat infections and research vulnerability of the parasite that causes malaria this could make it easier to fight the immune system of the body.
Malaria threatens the health of more than half of the world's population and kills one child every two minutes. Like on World malaria report – 2018219 million cases of malaria have been reported worldwide, and there has been no noticeable progress in reducing malaria cases worldwide despite active efforts. However, for 2017, India accounted for only 4% of all cases of malaria reported worldwide, and recorded 3 million less cases compared to 2016.
India is no longer among the three countries most affected by malaria.
How is malaria caused?
Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium.
Parasites spread through the bite of a woman Anopheles a mosquito that is already infected with a malaria parasite. The initial symptoms of infection usually include fever, headache and chills. Children who suffer from this condition may also develop some other symptoms, such as severe anemia, respiratory distress and cerebral malaria. If the condition is not treated in good time, it gets worse. It is known that an untreated condition leads to organ failure and even to death in some cases.
Preventive measures for malaria
Malaria can be avoided by taking simple measures. Vector control, which means that people need to take all necessary precautions to prevent mosquito bites, the most commonly recommended preventive measure for malaria. These measures can be attributed to the wearing of full-sleeved clothing, mosquito repellent, mosquito nets, etc. Pregnant women and children are advised to use malaria drugs to help reduce the risk of malaria infection.
Diagnosis and treatment of malaria
A timely diagnosis of malaria is crucial to improving the condition and preventing progression into a life-threatening infection. Malaria is diagnosed with a simple microscopic or diagnostic test with a patient's blood sample.
After a diagnosis based on a parasite that has infected a person, the doctor advises a personal treatment plan. For example, patients who suffer from uncomplicated infections Plasmodium falciparum first treated with ACT (combined artemisinin-based therapy). A single dose of primaquin can also be added to a malaria drug to reduce the transmission of infection.
The infections it causes Plasmodium vivax treatment with ACT and chloroquine. In case of severe infection, artesunate may be injected via an intravenous or intramuscular route.
Despite all technical and scientific advances, no vaccination against malaria has been detected. The war against malaria has won half, if we all come together and strive to eradicate the disease from its root. The disease can be completely eliminated only with some active efforts, such as paralysis and black goats.
World malaria day, let's commit ourselves to doing everything in our power at the level of individuals to prevent the spread of the disease.
The author is a senior consultant in the medical team at docprime.com
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