The US Space Agency has asked the space sector to offer detailed vehicle projects to land two astronauts on the moon by 2024, which the US reaffirmed on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission.
Nasa announced a new phase of "most"v lunar program, baptized Artemis, by publishing documents that explain in detail what they expect space sector.
The goal is to set up two astronauts, including a woman, in the southern half of 2024 on the moonland, where they will stay for six and a half days, according to one of these documents.
In May, NASA selected 11 companies that carried out feasibility studies and developed them prototypes in six months, including traditional giants (Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman) and newcomers such as SpaceX and Blue Origin, Amazon's chief company Jeff Bezos, who has already introduced the Lander project.
This time, NASA goes a step higher, with tens of pages prerequisites for built-in electronics, communications and even space suits. Each company can respond.
"After the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11, we just launched a draft initiative for US companies to help us develop a landing system for people 21st century, which will make it easier for the first woman and the next man on the moon 2.024", tweetal NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine.
"Let's go there"he added in capital letters."
Only after a few months NASA will, after receiving replies from space companies, decide who will build the chassis and how.
This strip will be equivalent to the moon module that Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin brought to the moon.
An important difference will be in this vehicle will tethered at a mini-resort in the orbit of the moon, "Gateway"which will serve as a point of transition between the Earth and the Moon, in particular for the reuse and refueling of fuel.
Currently, the Artemis program is too late, mainly due to delays in the construction of a heavy SLS rocket.