The United Kingdom produced an ExoMars rover, named after the British scientist and co-discoverer of the DNA structure Rosalind Franklin in 2021 on the surface of the red planet. This name was revealed this week by the Minister of Science Chris Skidmore and the astronaut Tim Peake from the European Space Agency (ESA) at the Mars Yard in the Airbus Defense and Space UK in Stevenage, where the rover is built. Tim Peake, a British astronaut from the ESA, said: "This rover will look for a Mars surface equipped with next-generation instruments – a fully automated laboratory on Mars. We build it with our European heritage in the field of robotic research, and at the same time we are planning new technologies. "
What is ExoMars Rover Rosalind Franklin?
ExoMars Riders are a bold attempt to finally prove the existence of life on Mars.
These missions are really important in the conduct of the human mission of Mars
The rising scientific consensus believes that the apparently outrageous exterior of the Red Planet may have concealed evidence of the past and present life.
Some scientists believe that the thick layer of permafrost can cover fine organic molecules.
One of the ExoMars rovers will rotate to the point where this organic layer is supposed to exist.
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ExoMars rover: One of the robots to be sent to Mars will be named Rosalind Franklin
Mars rover: Astronaut Tim Peake introduced the new rover name
Who was Rosalind Franklin?
One of the ExoMars rovers to be shipped to Mars next year will be named the pioneer of DNA Rosalind Franklin.
The honor follows a public call for proposals that attracted 36,000 responses.
Astronaut Tim Peake revealed the name near the Airbus factory in Stevenage, UK, where the ExoMars rover is being built.
Rosalind Franklin played a key role in discovering the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, which is better known by the abbreviation of DNA.
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Rendgenic paintings by Rosalind Franklin enabled her colleagues James Watson and Francis Crick to decipher his iconic shape with a double helix.
Franklin's early death of ovarian cancer, aged only 37 years, meant that she never received a tragic acknowledgment that was praised by her male counterparts.
"In the last year of Rosalind's life, I remember visiting her at the hospital on the day she was excited about the news of the Soviet satellite Sputnik – the very beginning of the exploration of the universe," said Franklin's sister Jenifer Glynn.
"She never imagined that in 60 years later Mars would come to Mars to carry her name, but somehow this project is even more special."
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Rover for ExoMars: Rosalind Franklin was the most popular choice by public vote
NASA Mars rover: Rosalind Franklin played a key role in discovering the structure of DNA
The six-seater ExoMars rover will not land on the surface of Mars until 2021.
Rover Rosalind Franklin ExoMars will be strapped with state-of-the-art scientific tools for researching the Red Planet, including a powerful exercise, next-generation radar and an organic molecule analyzer.
The ExoMars program is already in progress.
In the last two years, the orbiter explores the gases emitted by Mars's atmosphere.
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Part of a scientist, partial courier service and partial delivery bot, the orbiter was transporting an unhappy Schiaparell landing on a tow on the way to Mars.
But Schiaparelli agreed, ending the Mars mission at the end of March 2016.
The next year, NASA will launch another unnamed rover.
This project also encountered problems as NASA announced a failed heat shield test, although this should not delay the launch of the rover.
ExoMars rover: Mission 2020 could pave the way for a mission with a crew on Mars
Scientists and engineers hope that the metal wheels of these rovers will eventually pave the way for human legs.
Paul Meacham, the leading system engineer for the ExoMars rover project, said: "Much scientific results of these missions will in fact be directed where the human mission could go and who could send such a mission.
Will we send a biologist or a geologist? Or both?
"These missions are really important to lead us into this human mission."