Saturday , July 24 2021

Fielding Questions: Growing sweet peas, holiday cactus, lowering the stem and more

A: Sweet beans bring wonderful memories, as my mom always planted them along the wire fence surrounding our garden, and there I first learned the recipe for success. A recent article by the University of Cornell confirms her old sweet pea wisdom.

Sweet beans grow in cold temperatures, especially in cold soils, and are best planted as soon as possible, which is in the region of the Upper Midwest region from about mid to late April. Sweet bean plants are resistant to frosts up to 25 degrees.

As the application of the seed is solid, soak the seeds for 24 hours in cold water. At the bottom of the fence or grate, dig the furrow 4 cm deep, the area of ​​seed 2 cm apart and cover with 1 cm of soil. Once the plants grow, gradually fill the trench that keeps the root system deeper and colder.

When the plants are 6 centimeters high, pinch the tips to create more branches. While the soil is still cold, add 4 inches of mulch over the root system. Sweet bean vines are susceptible to powdery mildew, therefore it is recommended spraying the garden fungicide as vine grows.

Q: Do you have any idea why my holiday cactus descends? The plant is about 4 years old. – Donna Braton, Barnesville, Minn.

A: It is not always easy to explain why the Christmas or Thanksgiving cactus drops the pads because the opposite conditions can cause the same symptoms, such as hot drafts, cold drafts or soils that are too wet or damp.

Holiday cacti, which are tropical cacti, need more water than deserts. Too much water can cause rotting of the roots, which is a common cause of the fall of the stem. Underwater swimming can do the same, although this is less common. A 4-year holiday cactus is quite manageable so you can lift the cactus out of the pot to make sure that the roots are healthy and that they are not darkened by rotting the roots.

As a rule of thumb, the holiday cactus must be watered when the top of the thumb is dry. The soil should not become dry, but it should never remain wet.

Even if watering is correct, the earth is sometimes a culprit. Poorly dried earth, which is too dense or concentrated, can disappear due to oxygen. Holiday cacti appreciate the soil rich in organic matter.

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Q: How do I plant a scheffler plant that has been in the same pot for 30 years? I reduced it, but now I think it needs re-transplantation. – Gayle Pfau, Fargo.

A: Some home plants are best repetitioned every few years, while others have enjoyed for decades, making it difficult to give a firm and fast rule for the frequency of transplantation. But over time, something needs to be done to further plant health.

Some of the old plants that are too heavy for transplantation and which are in the appropriate size of the pot can be "clothed" with fresh earth for peeling by collecting a few centimeters of soil and replacing it, being careful not to disturb the roots . Other old plants can be completely repotted, increasing the size of the pot for 1 to 2 inches.

With root systems, plants that have been in the same pot for decades, should be handled with care, as all plants will not tolerate that the roots are cut or disturbed.

If you have a question about the garden or lawn, send an email to Don Kinzler at [email protected] We will answer all the questions and we will be able to publish those who have a wide complaint, so please give your name, city and country for proper advice.

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