World Tuberculosis Day: the most lethal infectious disease Chronicle



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It is a disease that many believe has been eradicated and continues to increase since 2013 in the cities south of the city of Buenos Aires according to health information 'Ministry of Health of the Nation. Poverty, congestion, drug use, malnutrition and exclusion increase the possibility of infection and spread. In the most vulnerable cities, rates are comparable to those in some African countries (120 per 100,000 inhabitants) and are 20 times greater than in the north.

The countries most affected by tuberculosis are Salta, Jujuy, Formosa and Buenos Aires. In CABA, the programming area of ​​the Piñero hospital and the entire southern area is the most affected.

According to the latest statistics prepared in 2018 by the National Board of Health Laboratories and Institutes, 9,635 cases of tuberculosis have been reported in the country. Most were among people aged 20 to 44, of whom 297 died, and this number continues to increase in recent years.

"Tuberculosis is a public health issue that affects us all, not only as a cause of disease and / or mortality, but also from the point of view of social and health factors that determine its incidence", stresses Dr. María Valeria El HajThe Medical Director vittala.

According to the World Health Organization, 9 million new cases a year are worldwide. In addition, tuberculosis is the ninth cause of death, and the first one is HIV infection, taking into account the diseases caused by the infection.

The World Tuberculosis Day is celebrated on March 24th and is an excellent opportunity to raise awareness of this disease, preventive measures and treat them in order to reach a global commitment to finally eliminate it.

The slogan "Time to Action" emphasizes the need to take measures to fulfill the commitments of world leaders, namely:

Increase access to prevention and treatment.

– Establish responsibility for public health.

– Ensure adequate and sustainable funding, in particular for research.

– Stop stigmatization and discrimination.

– Promoting a fair and human-centered, responsive human rights response to tuberculosis.

What is tuberculosis?

This is a chronic infectious disease caused by e. Koch bacillus, which is usually found in the lungs, although it can affect other organs. It mainly affects the most vulnerable populations, including people with low economic resources, ethnic minorities, migrants and some individuals with other health conditions, such as HIV-infected people. people with diabetes, people with addiction to drugs, alcohol and mental disorders.

Infection occurs when small drops of saliva (Fludgge drops) that contain bacilli, coughing, speech or coughing, which have a major influence on the characteristics of the environment, and the periodicity and duration of contact.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis can be made by means of bacteriology (microscopy after smear), radiology, PPD reactions (infection, although not diseases), and other laboratory techniques. Then, most patients are cured for a period of six months or more, depending on the disease category, if he is treated and treated accordingly, preferably with the TAES system (strictly controlled treatment) or DOT (direct treatment). Observed).

When the treatment of a person diagnosed with tuberculosis begins, it is very important to register and evaluate contacts that live or are connected to it for more than 4 hours a day, checking whether they have symptoms, whether they are vaccinated or not , and be and be younger than 6 years and have no documentation of vaccination and / or scarring, it should be vaccinated with BCG to initiate correct chemo-stroke, a treatment lasting about 6 months.

"BCG protects against tuberculosis and is effective and safe to prevent severe manifestations of the disease, so it should be given at birth before release until the newborn's weight exceeds 2 kg."At the end of the details of Dr. El Haj.

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