The Hubble Telescope has discovered the brightest quasar ever seen in the early universe and has a brightness of about 600 trillion son.
Astronomers used the data from the NASA / European Space Agency's Hubble Space Telescope to find an ancient quasar, which they believe could provide insights into the birth of galaxies when the universe was about a billion years old.
Astronomers have said that this is by far the brightest quasar discovered in the early universe.
Quasar is an extremely bright nucleus of the active galaxy, and its powerful glow creates unbelievable amounts of energy released by gas that goes into the supermassive black hole in its center.
The newly discovered ancient quasar, cataloged as J043947.08 + 163415.7, is so old that the light it received from her began her journey when the universe was only about a billion years old.
NASA's Wilkinson microwave aisotropic probe in 2012 estimated that the universe is over 13 billion years old.
Astronomers have said that the quasar has a brightness that corresponds to about 600 trillion suns, and the supermassive black hole is hundreds of millions so many times as big as our sun.
The data show not only that the supermassive black hole is very important in itself, but also that the quasar can produce up to 10,000 stars per year, scientists said.
This is comparable to the Milky Way, which produces about one new star every year.
The main author of Xiaohui Fan from the University of Arizona said that he does not expect a lot of quasars to be more bright throughout the universe.
He added: "This is something we've been looking for a long time.
"We do not expect to find many quasars that are brighter than those in the entire observational universe."
Co-author Fabian Walter from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Germany said that he is the main candidate for further investigation.
He added: "Because of its properties and distance, it is the main candidate for exploring the evolution of remote quasars and the role of supermassive black holes in their centers."
© AAP 2019