Lack of knowledge about dyslexia, learning and reading difficulties affecting 10% of the world's population. can lead to the cataloging of children as "lazy", which affects their self-esteem and deepens the problem, while diagnosing and timely treatment allow for better education, experts said on the eve of the World Day of Disorder.
"Dyslexia is a problem in reading and writing in children with a normal coefficient, and because they have been exposed to the classical teaching system, that is, if, for example, the child is not at school, the diagnosis is not available," he explained. agency Telam Rodolfo Benavente, head of childhood neurology at de Clínicas Hospital.
Currently, dyslexia is included in the Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders in the category of neurodevelopmental disorders and in the subcategory "Special learning disorders (ASD)". Dyslexic children can not read or do bad things – they represent repetitions, add-ons or swaps – they have problems copying from the table, they always need more time, they do not understand what they are reading, they have difficulty writing and have poor spelling.
The specialist said that "although some signs can be detected in the early years, diagnosis of dyslexia can not be performed for up to 9 years because there are children who do not have a smooth reading up to 7 or 8 years old and do not have" problems "." "It also seems that on many occasions, boys are labeled as "lazy" or that we are interested in the school, and it is not found that there is a problem that affects their self-esteem and worsens the situation, "Benavente said.
In this regard, Juan Manuel Ferrer, head of the Department of Child Neuroscience at INEBA (Institute of Neurological Sciences, Buenos Aires), said that "the main problem is that dyslexia is generally normal in IQ, but can not be used, and therefore disappointed, reduce their self-esteem and abandon what they are doing, enter a vicious circle. "
The neurologist described that "recently seen in people with dyslexia that the brainwave is lower in the areas involved in the reading process". "This is also a pathology associated with genetic stress, as more than 60% of children with dyslexia have family history." The doctor's office makes this clear. When asked to parents, we usually say that "they had the same age when they were children" , he said.
Treatment for this disorder is multidisciplinary, but in terms of school, both experts have stated that "they do not need drastic curricular changes, but concrete adjustments".
"Give them more time to copy from the table, enable them to print in print, share tests on parts if you evaluate content, do not subtract spelling results, but some examples of actions that can be taken to facilitate learning," he concluded. Ferrer.
Every November, Dyslexia is celebrated worldwide with the aim of raising awareness of this problem, which, according to INEBA, affects 10% of the world's population.