The risk of flooding foreign SMEs against Vaci Muerti aroused the embarrassing situation in Neuquén. The government took note and acknowledged that there are items that the region can not satisfy, and 100% it is clear that it does not want companies that are "managed by a remote control".
The warning was supported by the union of private oil tankers and the new Federation of Chambers of Energy Sector Neuquén. Among these three, the walls of the shows of the governments of Santa Fe and Buenos Aires, which support their companies in search of unconventional development, are rising. The message sounded so loud that the Buenos Aires production minister, Javier Tizano, consulted by "Río Negro", would rather not make statements on the subject.
None of the players is aware of the reality of Neuquéna. However, they add that they know the social costs of operating in the region.
- active SMEs have Neuquén, of which 85% are "micro" and account between 2 and 12.5 million a year.
- companies are registered in the mining sector. They represent 1.2% of the total amount and invoice only 5.8% of the local cake.
Neuquén has according to the latest official survey of 7,396 active SMEs, of which nine out of ten are "micro" or "medium", which means they charge from 3 to 75 million pesos annually in the province with investments exceeding $ 5000 million.
Half of small and medium-sized enterprises in Neuquén is registered in the service sector and accounts for a third of the billing, while 28.3% of SMEs are registered in the trade and 46% are selling. The rest of the turnover is divided into 8.9% of construction, mining 5.8% and the agricultural sector only 1.2%.
- this involves cooperation in issuing invoices to companies that are registered as traders. These represent 28.3% of all SMEs.
The Neuquén production minister, Facundo López Raggi, has confirmed that there is a deficit for the entire value chain of the local oil industry, but he also argued that there are items that are very competitive.
At this point, the Ley de Compra Neuquino is an obstacle to making businesses more flexible and changing the requirement for three years of residence.
He was consulted on relations with other governments, with the official insisting on setting up an institutional seal for linking interests through the protocol. They strive to place themselves as official diffusers of needs and articulations for Vaca Muerta. "It seems that companies come, operators with operators who do not know the region, and then they need to make adjustments, and the contracts are the same or more expensive than local companies," he explained.
We all agree that we need more companies in Vaca Muerta, but not to be managed by remote control
Facundo López Raggi, Minister of Production.
However, the Uocre protest, which prevented oil transportation this week, triggered page B of this shield to the local value chain. The union reported that Edvsa contracted work in Santa Fe, which can be done locally and affecting the local workforce.
In this assertion, it is necessary to take into account several aspects that do not seem to all actors to be ready to discuss. Operators are pressurized to reduce costs and that these margins are financial statements that contractors also want to reduce. Neuquén's costs are difficult to compete with the cost of several industrialized provinces such as Córdoba, Santa Fe or Buenos Aires.
We are tired of companies that come to the province and disappear from one day to the next and leave a tent
Guillermo Pereyra, private oil workers.
The same is true for two other aspects, such as job specialization and finally for the time of Vaca Muerta, where an unskilled workforce, due to the specificity of project development, starts to demand less.
All these ingredients are those that are flavored in the Neuquino Buy shaker, trying to drink as bitterly as possible for a local value chain that is more bound to conventional hydrocarbons than the present.
"We do not try to close the door to anyone. We understand that growth comes from competitiveness and partnerships, which we want to have clear information," said Claudio Uribe, representative of the Neuquino Energy Industry Association.
An entrepreneur from Neuquén described that items such as the Patagonia area and the specifications of collective agreements in the oil industry and in Patagonia generally add to costs that are often ignored by entrepreneurs from other regions.
"It seems to us that companies come in and get contracts for two years and go after six months because they did not take into account many of the things we know, and leave families without work or debts from suppliers that affect the entire chain," Uribe said.
They think that the mason is the same for every job. The oil industry requires specificities that change the equation
Claudio Uribe, Association of Chambers of the Energy Sector.
He acknowledged that the idea of establishing an institutional seal for creating first-hand connections is a smart strategy. "We believe that this is a good proposal for everyone to share the specifics of our industry. It will not be immediate, but it's the right path, "he concluded.
The history of the region denotes a series of enclaves, more precisely, with different costs.
An example of electro-intensive industries, as happened to Indupo, is a clear example. It produced products from polyvinyl chloride and was protected by the price of electricity. In the 1990s, the differentiation ended and the company moved. He left the city without his work.
Initial and permanent state support is the basis that needs to be prepared for sustainability planning.
A productive enclave was planned in the lower valley of the Negro River, which soon fell out of operation due to selective aid from the same country.