Tip of the doctor: What is cervical cancer?



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Dr. Lalitha Badul
Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable crayfish in women. Mostly due to examinations and vaccinations.

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Although there is no vaccination for the prevention of cervical cancer, there is vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV), which spreads through sexual contact and causes most cases of cervical cancer.

And gynecologists regularly perform Pap smear that can detect almost all types of cervical cancer. They can also scan for HPV.

Cervical cancer
There are two types of cells in the cervix: the lower part of the uterus that connects it with the vagina: squamous cells and glandular cells.

Between 80% and 90% of cases of cervical cancer are squamous cells (squamous cell carcinoma).

Others start with glandular cells and are called adenocarcinoma. Early cancer of the cervix has rare signs or symptoms.

You may not know that something is wrong until cancer is more advanced. Then you could have irregular bleeding or vaginal discharge or pain during intercourse.

Fortunately, screening tests can detect cervical cancer and the HPV virus, which is usually caused, very early.

Cervical cancer also grows slowly. It usually takes several years for normal cervical cells to turn into cancerous, if it ever occurs. Finding and treating pre-cancerous cells is the best way to prevent cervical cancer.

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