Jupiter's mysterious red storm reduces for 300 years after Raging Large



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A great red storm, a storm that is larger than Earth and strong enough to tear down the smaller storms caught in it, is one of the most recognizable features of the Jupiter's atmosphere and the entire solar system.

A storm counterclockwise, an anti-cyclone, can boast at a wind speed of 500 kilometers per hour. This important feature, observed since 1830 and probably already in the 1960s, has long been a source of great fascination and scientific study.

Much about the Great Red Spot is still unknown, including when and how it was shaped, giving it its striking red color and why it persisted longer than other storms that were observed in the atmosphere of Jupiter.

However, astronomers consider that its position in latitude, consistently noticeable that it is 22 degrees south of Jupiter's equator, is associated with visible cloudbreaks in Jupiter's atmosphere.

As a planetary astronomer who studies the comets' atmospheres, I usually do not explore large storms.

But I still want to know about the characteristics that we see in the atmosphere of other bodies in the solar system, including Jupiter. Studying all kinds of atmospheres deepens our understanding of how they are shaped and functioning.

Unlike Jupiter, Earth has earth masses that cause large storms to lose energy due to friction with a solid surface. Without this function, Jupiter's storms are more prolonged.

However, the Great Red Spot is long-lived, even according to Jupiter's standards. Researchers do not understand why, but we know that Jupiter's storms, located in clouds with the same direction of rotation, are usually longer.

These colored alternating bands, called belts (dark bands) and areas (light bands), run parallel to Jupiter's equator.

Researchers are not sure what causes the coloring of belts and areas, but differences in their chemical composition, temperature and transparency of the atmosphere in the light are suggested as contributing factors.

These bands also rotate, which means that they move in opposite directions to their neighbors. The boundaries between belts and zones are marked by strong winds called zones of zones.

The large red spot is limited by the eastern jet towards north and west to the south, which limits the storm to a steady width.

However, the Great Red Spot eventually experienced significant changes in length, and recent evidence suggests that the speed of the longitudinal movement towards the west is increasing.

Like the Great Red Spot, the belts experienced a slight change in latitude at the time they were observed. Researchers do not understand the fully structured structure, but we have evidence to show that the brightly colored areas of the region are growing material, while dark bands are areas of material that sink into the atmosphere.

On Earth, there is a well-defined boundary between the atmosphere and the surface of the planet, which is largely covered with running water. However, under the clouds of Jupiter there are no known large oceans of water.

Depending on what researchers know, the atmosphere flows smoothly into the interior of liquid hydrogen within the planet.

Jupiter can be a solid core, but is most likely buried very deeply under a thick layer of liquid metal hydrogen, a form of hydrogen that acts as an electrical conductor.

What do we know about the Great Red Spot, which is changing dramatically? Its size, shape and color.

An analysis of the historical and recent data on the Great Red Spot showed that the cramps were becoming more and more circular and higher and its color changed over time.

What causes these changes and what do they mean for the future of the Great Red Fragments? Researchers are not sure.

However, NASA's Juno spacecraft, which currently circulates around Jupiter, collects more information on the cloud bands and the Big Red Spot. These new data are likely to provide insight into the many features of Jupiter's atmosphere.Conversation

Donna Pierce, associate professor of physics and astronomy, Mississippi State University.

This article has been re-released from a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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