Health officials in Newfoundland and Labrador report an increase in the number of cases of syphilis, prompting the public to call for the importance of safer sexual practices, including the regular use of condoms and oral dams, and routine testing for sexually transmitted infections.
In terms of eastern health, 33 cases of syphilis were reported in 2018.
Sifilis is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is contracted by unprotected anal, vaginal or oral sex. If left untreated, it can cause serious and permanent damage to the body. Symptoms may first occur 10 to 90 days after an individual's infection, with an average period of 21 days. While some people may not have any symptoms, syphilis may cause various symptoms at each stage of the infection, including: open pain at the site of the infection (genital area, anus, mouth or lips), flu-like illnesses, muscle pain and muscle pain. , fatigue and / or rash on the chest, back, palms and bottom of the feet.
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Congenital syphilis occurs when a pregnant woman who has syphilis extends the disease to her unborn child. Sifilis, which is transmitted to the child, can cause spontaneous abortion, the death of a newborn, and severe physical and developmental anxiety. Without early and regular prenatal care, a pregnant woman may not know she has syphilis and that her child is in danger. Sifilis can be treated with genuine antibiotics during pregnancy.
If an individual has had unprotected anal, oral or vaginal intercourse and is concerned that they may have syphilis, it is important to contact a healthcare professional and to test it as soon as possible. Oriental health encourages all sexually active people to be tested on the SPO as part of a regular health check.